The Reagan administration substantially increased both military and economic aid to El Salvador.
the 1970s El Salvador's over populated, economic problems, and inequitable social system led to social and political unrest;
Not long after the 1980 assassination of Archbishop Romero, peaceful rallies turned violent as police opened fire. News footage of unarmed demonstrators being gunned down on the steps of the National Cathedral turned the eyes of the world to El Salvador, a country in conflict
Newsweek photographer was killed in El Salvador in 1984 March 16 John Hoagland, was 36-year-old native of San Diego US.
The election of Ronald Reagan as President of the United States changed American policy in El Salvador. The new U.S. administration worried about Communist expansion in Central America and viewed the El Salvador military government as a potential barrier against Communism.
Work of Thirty Photographers (1983)”
Today, around 30,000 active gang members with another 12,000 in prison.
El Salvador seeks revival in tourism Museum of the Revolution, guides tell the story of the conflict slowly but with intense passion.
In 1981, leftist parties organized guerrilla groups to coordinate their efforts against the government, uniting to form the Farabundo Marti National Liberation Front (Frente Farabundo Marti de Liberacion or FMLN). Their counter offensive began early January 1981. FMLN offensive failed on several fronts,retaining military strongholds helped to focus international attention on El Salvador. August 1981, France and Mexico formally recognized the FMLN as a political force and called for a negotiated settlement.
The desire to prevent takeover seen in Cuba and Nicaragua the United States to get involved. Human rights - a cornerstone of President Carter's foreign policy - also propelled the U.S. to action. The general level of violence, but also the murders of American citizens affected U.S. relations with El Salvador, December 1980, four American churchwomen were raped and murdered. U.S. responded by cutting off aid to El Salvador, very briefly, pending an investigation. In 1981 two American land advisers were gunned down at there Hotel. U.S. Congress decided to disburse aid only as improvements of human rights situation became evident.
The civil war raged on in El Salvador,
Fueled by U.S. aid to the Salvadoran military, at least 70,000 people lost their lives in killings and bombing, then, in 1989, the murder of six priests their housekeeper and her daughter at the University of Central America shocked the international community into action.
With continuing reports of atrocities and murders in El Salvador, the U.S. Congress no longer accepted the State Department's assurance that things were getting better. Speaker of the House Tom Foley created a special task force to monitor El Salvador's investigation of the murders. Congressman Joe Moakley of Massachusetts was selected to head up the investigation. During his visits to El Salvador, Moakley encountered a massive cover-up, conspiracy and lies which led him to challenge U.S. policy. Discovering high level armed forces of El Salvador had been responsible for the murders of the priests. . His investigation led to the conclusion that certain members of the U.S. government had known about the situation.
Moakley's report revealed the cruel injustice of the U.S backed Salvadoran government, setting in motion an international process to end the war. Both sides of the conflict in El Salvador approached the United Nations for help in negotiating a settlement. United Nations sponsored talks,and in January 1992 signing of the peace treaty ended 12 years of civil war.
Considered to be the most successful U.N.-brokered agreement in the world today,
In 1983, at the height of the civil war in El Salvador, thirty international photojournalists covering the conflict contributed to a project to raise awareness about the crisis. Click the log to see more